Canadian Ocean Science
Canada’s three oceans form the longest coastline of any country in the world, yet Canada’s ocean science research community is small and scattered across many institutions and laboratories, from coast to coast. Sustainably managing our oceans is a complicated problem. In the past we have focused on managing a few species, but now we recognize that an ecosystem approach is needed for the sustainable management of ocean resources. However, an ecosystem approach requires complex information, novel and multidisciplinary research approaches, coordination of ocean science research, and collaboration and communication among ocean scientists.
Several Canadian research networks exist: Canadian Healthy Oceans Network (CHONe), Arctic Net, Canadian Aquatic Invasive Species Network (CAISN), Canadian Integrated Multi-trophic Aquaculture Network (CIMTAN), Canadian Fisheries Research Network (CFRN), Ocean Tracking Network (OTN), Marine Environmental Observation, Prediction and Response (MEOPAR), Ocean Management Research Network (OMRN), and Ocean Network Canada (ONC). They have brought together ocean scientists from across Canada to generate the knowledge required to sustainably manage Canada’s oceans resources.
CHONe is creating the knowledge for sustainable management of Canada’s oceans, using an ecosystem-based approach, from the coast to the deep-sea, focusing on: how many and what types of species live in our oceans, and where we find them; how groups of species are connected in our oceans; and how species and stressors influence how the marine ecosystem works, at varying scales and levels of complexity, and its overall health.
OTN is a science-driven platform that not only deploys state of the art acoustic receivers and oceanographic monitoring equipment in all of the world's five oceans, but also maintains a database of more than 60 million records the help researchers curate data and makes collaborating easier.
CIMTAN is focused on development of aquaculture systems, which can be adopted by its industrial partners, to efficiently mitigate organic and inorganic enrichment of fed aquaculture operations by actively recapturing this material to turn it into the production of extractive crops of commercial value, hence transforming associated environmental and socio-economic issues into benefits and trusted quality seafood/novel seafood-base products, not only for its industrial partners, but also for coastal/rural communities and all Canadians.
CFRN is linking academic researchers, the fishing industry, and government researchers and managers to develop a national capture fisheries research capacity. The vision of the Network is to reshape fisheries research in Canada by establishing a tradition of enhanced collaboration across sectors that is required for a sustainable and viable fishing industry in an evolving management system
ArcticNet is a Network of Centres of Excellence of Canada that brings together scientists and managers in the natural, human health and social sciences with their partners from Inuit organizations, northern communities, federal and provincial agencies and the private sector. The objective of ArcticNet is to study the impacts of climate change and modernization in the coastal Canadian Arctic.
OMRN is an interdisciplinary joint initiative of the University comprising more than 800 researchers, students, managers, community leaders, and agencies whose purpose is to promote and support sustainable use and to conserve Canada’s oceans and coasts through research, knowledge-sharing and capacity-building.
CAISN spans the nation, bringing together 30 researchers from 12 partner universities and six federal laboratories. Our research incorporates broad taxonomic, ecosystem, geographic, mathematic and philosophical diversity. CAISN combines the various skills and interests of academia, government, industry, and non-government organizations with the aim to assist affected industries, develop government policy and advance invasion science and technology.
MEOPAR is a team of outstanding Canadian researchers dedicated to addressing critical issues related to human activity in the marine environment, and the impact of marine hazards on human activities in coastal regions.
ONC operates the world-leading NEPTUNE and VENUS ocean observatories for the advancement of science and the benefit of Canada. These observatories collect data on physical, chemical, biological, and geological aspects of the ocean over long time periods, supporting research on complex Earth processes in ways not previously possible.